Bitcoin is a virtual monetary system, a peer-to-peer currency with no central bank. It is based on digital tokens with no intrinsic value. An outstanding innovation in the 21st century payment system, bitcoin gained popularity in its initial phase in the FinTech industry, but gradually the virtual currency is losing its charm. Seeing the fluctuations and multiple security issues faced by bitcoin, users do not have much confidence in bitcoin.
A couple of months ago, we listed some positive and negative quotes from some renowned personalities in the FinTech industry. As the fourth quarter of 2015 came closer, we observed more problems with bitcoin as did the FinTech industry. Some of the big problems associated with bitcoin include its wild volatility, security issues, unknown flaws, and both technical and governing issues.
To keep an eye on bitcoin, we had to take a closer look at what is happening to bitcoin in 2016, and it looks like the future of bitcoin is very bleak. Why? These are our reasons:
1. Early Adopters Have Lost Trust in Bitcoin: Very recently, one of the longstanding bitcoin core developers Mike Hearn expressed in his recent blog article that bitcoin has failed as an experiment and that he sold all his bitcoins in December 2015. While his views were discussed a number of times on the internet and while many controversial theories noted that he did so because he joined R3 CEV – a distributed ledger initiative in financial technology by its member banks – the fact that he sold all his bitcoins caused the bitcoin rate (about $450 two weeks ago) to fall by about $100 at one point during the weekend, trading as low as just $346 on BTC-e and $352 on Bitstamp – a situation that any prudent investors in bitcoin should not ignore.
2. FinTech Startups Are Moving Away From Bitcoin: FinTech startups such as Circle, BitPay and Bitreserve have all moved away from bitcoin in the last few months. This is because contrary to the opinions of entrepreneurs and VC firms, many people did not buy into the idea of bitcoin as a medium of exchange. - Boston-based Circle is a consumer Internet company that provides mobile apps aimed at allowing online and in-person payments and the convenience of free, instant, global digital money transfers. The company has recently introduced new US dollar features that enable anyone now in the United States to send, receive and hold US dollars as well as using bitcoin for payments within the Circle app. Users can enjoy the benefits of bitcoin without ever holding or buying bitcoin themselves, and without being exposed to the price volatility of bitcoin. - Another company called Uphold (formerly Bitreserve) recently announced a complete rebrand and the launch of new functionalities, products and services to several key markets. The consumers, businesses and charities can now fund their Uphold accounts via bank transfer, or by linking a credit card or debit card as well as bitcoin. Uphold allows any users regardless of their location to move, convert, hold and transact any form of money or commodity instantly, securely and for free. At the time of the relaunch, Uphold CEO Anthony Watson said to Business Insider, “When we say ‘bit,’ we don’t mean bitcoin, we never did. We meant ‘bit’ as is ‘bits and bytes,’ and reserve is obviously holding the value. But people are confused, they think we’re just a bitcoin company and it makes sense as our first use case was bitcoin.” - Another company moving away from bitcoin because of one reason or the other is BitPay. BitPay is a payment service provider (PSP) specializing in e-commerce, B2B and enterprise solutions for virtual currencies. The company has also gradually moved away from its original business model of providing software that allows businesses to accept bitcoin payments. Furthermore, it is falling back on the blockchain technology with the aim of finding another way to make it work. The company has come up with a set of products for payroll, settlement and intercompany transfer.
3. Banks Are Shutting Doors to Bitcoin Companies: In September 2015, in a major setback to the bitcoin commodity, banks in Australia started closing accounts of bitcoin companies. The decision made by major Australian Banks had forcefully put 13 bitcoin companies out of business. Popular banks such as Westpac Banking Corporation and Commonwealth Bank of Australia have already sent letters to at least 17 bitcoin companies, and approximately 13 companies have already closed their accounts. Surprisingly, no explanations were given for this sudden decision. According to ADCCA estimates, 7% of the world’s $5 billion worth of bitcoin is in circulation in Australia. CEO and Founder of Bit Trade Australia, Ronald Tucker said, “Our members have been unable to obtain any formal clarification on the reasons for closure, except for references to policy or risk. Just what policies or risks these are have not been specified.”
4. Illegal Drug Dealers Are Using Bitcoin: According to the 2015 Global Drug Survey, which polled 100,000 people, a growing number of internet users are buying illegal drugs online through clandestine marketplaces that trade in bitcoins. Of those polled, 23 percent said they bought drugs online for the first time in 2014, a proportion up from 13 percent in 2013. This increase in malpractice transpired despite the October 2013 shutdown of the Silk Road drug marketplace. In fact, today the Dutch police arrested 10 people suspected of using bitcoin to launder up to $22 million in criminal profits. In addition, Reuters reported that some of the men arrested are traders, while others are "Bitcoin cashers" or traders of Bitcoin who cash these funds after which they withdraw the money from ATMs. As bitcoin is not a regulated cryptocurrency, the government in different countries may soon interfere and restrict its usage if the misuse in the black market continues.
5. Bitcoin Transactions Are Becoming Slower And More Complex: Chinese Bitcoin miners control more than 50 percent of bitcoin mining capacity, and they are connected to the rest of the Bitcoin ecosystem through the Great Firewall of China, which slows down the bitcoin transactions to 3 payments per second, as Mike Hearn pointed out in his recent blog. According to Mike who is one of the early developers in bitcoin, “The reason the true limit seems to be 700 kilobytes instead of the theoretical 1000 is that sometimes miners produce blocks smaller than allowed and even empty blocks, despite that there are lots of transactions waiting to confirm — this seems to be most frequently caused by interference from the Chinese “Great Firewall” censorship system.” When bitcoin was new, it was known for zero or very low fees. However, the bitcoin fees have become unreasonably high, sometimes exceeding more than charges of a credit card. It would be interesting to see how the digital currency performs in the next few years; of course, its fate depends on its acceptance. If bitcoin falls short of user’s acceptance rate in the days to come, very soon many people might forget about the digital currency altogether. From what is seen after Mike Hearn sold his bitcoins slashing bitcoin rate by almost 10%, it looks like even though bitcoin is termed as a decentralized cryptocurrency, the acceptance level of the currency is so low that a few influencers can fluctuate its rate drastically causing people who invest in bitcoin to become bankrupt. As analysts at LTP, we are not biased towards any company or towards any concept. Investing or not investing in bitcoin cannot be defined as good or bad investments. The decision rests on you whether you want to invest in it or not. But we always want people to be aware of the trends in FinTech so that they can make informed decisions. Generally, bitcoin has been a great experiment in the financial sector, and in the future it will always serve as a great lesson to fellow FinTechers. On the other hand, we have been a big fan of blockchain technology, and we have explored it dispassionately. How could you not know the basics of blockchain if you follow FinTech? If you don’t know much about block chain technology, click here.